Effect Of Vcm And Hgi On Green Coke Properties

Impact of Feed Properties and Operating Parameters on

Petroleum Coke General Properties: Volatile Combustible Matter (VCM) • VCM is unconverted pitch Target 12% Max, fuel coke 9% to 10% 14% VCM is very high; Coke will be soft • Increases green coke hydrogen content • Rules of thumb for control in fuel coke Increase heater outlet 5-7 °F for 1% decrease in VCM

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effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties

effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties . effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties . Successful Play of the Local National Team and Patriotism. effect. The present contribution is one of the first Anode dusting during the electrolytic Production of Aluminium

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CHARACTERIZATION OF GREEN AND CALCINED COKE

Ratios of calcined to green coke [email protected] value as percentage are listed in Table I to evaluate laboratory calcination. Calcination basically removed VCM, hydrogen, and some of sulfur and

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effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties Grinding

comparison of fuel properties of petroleum cokes ,Green (raw) petroleum cokes are mostly used as utility fuels (about 73% Typical composition of the delayed coke is: on dry basis, 90% carbon, 4% hydrogen, 4 mixture and is carellly controlled conducting test bum due to detrimental effects of high sulfur 15,350 Bru/m (HHV), and 61 hardgrove grindability index (HGI).

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STUDY ON PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM

graphite electrode, needle-grade, titanium dioxide pigments. Petroleum coke (green and calcined) is produced by the high pressure thermal decomposition of heavy petroleum process streams and residues. Green coke undergoes additional thermal processing to produce calcined coke. Various properties of calcined cokes from several refineries were

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effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties

effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties. The properties of the calcined " Russian Coke Blend " are given in the The properties are predicted by using well established correlations on the impact of impurities present in the coke [8, 9] and of its relevant green physical properties like the VCM and HGI, on rotary kiln calcined coke [10]

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Profitable Calcining of Non-Calcinable Pet Coke

green coke available e.g. in Brazil, Argentina, Indonesia could also be calcined, if shaft kiln technology would be introduced outside of China. In Table 1 the properties of green coke for shaft kiln calcination versus Rotary Kiln calcination are compared. Property Unit Shaft Kiln Rotary Kiln Water content VCM HGI Sizing: > 16 mm > 4 mm

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Pet Coke Consulting for Buyers and Sellers of Petroleum Coke

Calcined coke. Petroleum coke or green coke (see same) that has been processed in a calciner (see same) C. Calciner. A large rotary kiln (similar to a cement kiln) that drives off the moisture and volatility of green or calcineable coke (see each) so that the coke can be used for aluminum anodes, or titanium dioxide applications.

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Standard Test Method for Hardgrove Grindability Index (HGI

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the hardgrove grindability index (HGI) of those petroleum cokes that contain no dedusting additive. The procedure for this test method is the same as in Test Method D409.Sections of this test method contain the significance and use of the HGI of petroleum coke, preliminary sample preparation procedures, and procedure and precision and bias data

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How Does Dust From Bauxite Mine And Moral Quarry Effect

How Does Dust From Bauxite Mine And Moral Quarry Effect The Enviorment. We are a large-scale manufacturer specializing in producing various mining machines including different types of sand and gravel equipment, milling equipment, mineral processing equipment and building materials equipment.

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effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties

effect of vcm and hgi on green coke properties. The properties of the calcined " Russian Coke Blend " are given in the The properties are predicted by using well established correlations on the impact of impurities present in the coke [8, 9] and of its relevant green physical properties like the VCM and HGI, on rotary kiln calcined coke [10]

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Standard Test Method for Hardgrove Grindability Index (HGI

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the hardgrove grindability index (HGI) of those petroleum cokes that contain no dedusting additive. The procedure for this test method is the same as in Test Method D409.Sections of this test method contain the significance and use of the HGI of petroleum coke, preliminary sample preparation procedures, and procedure and

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Vinyl chloride Wikipedia

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H 2 C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene.This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). About 13 billion kilograms are produced annually.

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COKE VCM Oil & Gas Industry Technology Updates

Making coke too soft (high VCM) leads to potential foamover problems and increased coke yields at the expense of more valuable gas oil. Hard coke (low VCM) takes longer to cut. The VCM of coke is primarily a function of coke drum overhead vapor temperature. Many refiners attempt to control coke VCM by monitoring heater-outlet (i.e., transfer

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Petroleum coke Wikipedia

Calcined petroleum coke (CPC) is the product from calcining petroleum coke. This coke is the product of the coker unit in a crude oil refinery. The calcined petroleum coke is used to make anodes for the aluminium, steel and titanium smelting industry. The green coke must have sufficiently low metal content to be used as anode material. Green

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Coke Washing Equipment For Sale ketelservice-nederland

Coke Primary Crusher For Sale; Coke Can Grinder; Effect Of Vcm And Hgi On Green Coke Properties; Double Teeth Roll Crusher For Coke; Grinding South Coke; Crushing Of Coal In Coke Oven Plant; Coke Oven Coal Crusher Price; Control Petroleum Coke Collector; Grinding Plant Coke; Why Coke is added platform; Petroleum Coke Best Crushers; How To Make

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Prediction of Calcined Coke Bulk Density Request PDF

Vibrated Bulk Density (VBD) of calcined cokes is also related to properties of green coke such as Hardgrove Grindability Index (HGI) and volatilies content [7].

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CARBON PRODUCTS: A MAJOR CONCERN TO ALUMINUM SMELTERS

CARBON PRODUCTS: A MAJOR CONCERN TO ALUMINUM SMELTERS Ulrich Mannweiler The resulting calcined coke properties are excellent, with high densities, low resistivity and very coarse grain size.. For the time being, China is the only country where more than five million tons of green coke are calcined in shaft kilns. In the future, however, this technology may be

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How Does Dust From Bauxite Mine And Moral Quarry Effect

How Does Dust From Bauxite Mine And Moral Quarry Effect The Enviorment. We are a large-scale manufacturer specializing in producing various mining machines including different types of sand and gravel equipment, milling equipment, mineral processing equipment and building materials equipment.

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Grindability Vs Crushing Meaning

The mean reactor temperature Even though sample 4 exhibits an HGI of 122 indicating very easy grindability, in terms of crushing Influence of torrefaction on . Urban Dictionary: Crush. When you have a crush on someone it means you have developed a strong desire for another person. Eventually it may grow into true love or your feelings

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CARBON PRODUCTS: A MAJOR CONCERN TO ALUMINUM SMELTERS

CARBON PRODUCTS: A MAJOR CONCERN TO ALUMINUM SMELTERS Ulrich Mannweiler The resulting calcined coke properties are excellent, with high densities, low resistivity and very coarse grain size.. For the time being, China is the only country where more than five million tons of green coke are calcined in shaft kilns. In the future, however, this technology may be applied in other areas in the

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Prediction of Calcined Coke Bulk Density Request PDF

Vibrated Bulk Density (VBD) of calcined cokes is also related to properties of green coke such as Hardgrove Grindability Index (HGI) and volatilies content [7].

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THE EFFECT OF AN IRON OXIDE CATALYST (Fe3O4 THE

THE EFFECT OF AN IRON OXIDE CATALYST (Fe 3O 4) ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF WAXY OIL COKE JG Clark1, 2, B Rand2, MP Hayes1, W Barnard3, S Lubhelwana3 1Sasol Synfuels Marketing P O Box 5486, Rosebank, 2000 Johannesburg SOUTH AFRICA Tel +27 (0) 11 344 2894

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Calcinations of Petroleum coke

petroleum coke. This coke is the product of the . Coker unit in a crude oil refinery. The calcined petroleum coke is used to make anodes for the aluminum, steel and titanium smelting industry. Calcined petroleum coke is shown in figure 2. Fig. 2 calcined petroleum coke . The . green coke. must have sufficiently low metals content in order to be

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Effect of composition of coke deposited in delayed coker

Higher HGI indicates softer coke whereas lower HGI indicate harder/brittle coke. Table 2 shows the HGI and real density of bad and good spalling coke. HGI value of bad spalling coke was much higher (softer coke) and was in the range from 59 to 90 whereas that of good spalling coke was ranging from 38 to 43 (more hard & brittle coke).

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Size reduction and specification of granular petrol coke

Size reduction and specification of granular petrol coke with respect to chemical and physical properties Doctoral thesis for the degree of doktor ingeniør Trondheim, May 2006 Norwegian University of Science and Technology Faculty of Engineering Science and Technlology Department of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering Juraj Chmelar

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Need a method for determination of Green Coke Density

2011-05-16· I will make 20-30 density determination using this method on various piece of coke and I will make an average density for green coke that can be applied in our refinery. The reason that I’m doing this is because I developed an automatic calculation for the coke mass and for be more accurate in my results I need two things: 1. A good

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Application Note AN-030: Analysis in VCM Production

• Loss of VCM product quality. VCM containing appreciable FeCl 3 is often deemed unacceptable for commercial use. • Degradation of Oxychlorination Catalyst. FeCl 3 levels as low as 0.1% can have deleterious effects on the oxychlorination reactor, including deactivating or shortening the life of the cupric chloride catalyst as well as coke

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5 EXPERIMENTAL8 repository.up.ac.za

effect on its density easier to determine. 5.1.7 Graphitisation . High-ash Waxy Oil green coke was obtained from the commercial delayed coker at Secunda, South Africa. The green coke was dried and separated into size fractions. The size fractions were recombined to produce a composite sample (2 200 g) for graphitisation. The weights of

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ASSESSMENT OF COAL QUALITY OF SOME INDIAN COALS

assessment of coal quality of some indian coals a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of bachelor of technology in mining engineering by anudhyan mishra 10505028 under the guidance of dr. h. b. sahu department of mining engineering national institute of technology rourkela 769008 2009

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